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spacing1Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance facts

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The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework (HPF), developed in 2005 under the auspices of the Australian Health Ministers' Advisory Council, was designed to ‘support a comprehensive and coordinated effort both across and beyond the health sector to address the complex and interrelated factors' that contribute to the health disadvantages experienced by Indigenous people. The HPF, originally developed ‘to provide the basis for quantitative measurement of the impact of the National strategic framework for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health (NSFATSIH)', was also seen as 'an opportunity to streamline reporting on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health and health care delivery'.

In recognition of the complexity of factors contributing to Indigenous health, the HPF, which has become one of the key means of monitoring progress in 'closing the gap' between Indigenous and other Australians, as well as the implementation of the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health plan.

The Australian Health Ministers' Advisory Council agreed to provide reports against the HPF biennially commencing in 2006.

The fifth report against the HPF, released in mid 2015, summarises performance against 68 measures. Copies of these performance facts are provided under the three navigation points below.

Tier 1: Health status and outcomes

Measures the prevalence of health conditions, human function, life expectancy and wellbeing and deaths.

Health conditions

Human function

Life expectancy and wellbeing


Tier 2: Determinants of health

Measures of the determinants of health, including environmental factors, socioeconomic factors, community capacity, health behaviours and person-related behaviours.

Environmental factors

Socio-economic factors

Community capacity

Health behaviours

Person-related factors

Tier 3: Health system performance

Measures of the health system, including effectiveness, appropriateness, efficiency, responsiveness, accessibility, continuity, capability and sustainability.








The main body of the report analyses each of the 68 performance measures, including attention to (1) why the measure is important; (2) results relating to the measure; and (3) an outline of the implications of the findings for policy development/action. Information on current national policies and strategies is also provided.

The material presented on each measure is succinct, but additional data analyses supplementing the report are available on the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare website at

View and download the full 2014 report of the health performance framework

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Last updated: 11 July 2016
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